Of course, installing or uninstalling software on your computer is a priori not something complicated. It is usually enough to follow the instructions that appear on the screen and in a few clicks everything is finished. But in the background, this tends to change a number of settings and influence the behavior of Windows. That’s why some tips and precautions are not useless to avoid worries. First, be aware that these operations must be performed while no other program is being used.
Remove a Windows Component
If you do not intend to use some of the embedded software on Windows, you can disable or delete them so that they do not encroach on the borders of the ones you prefer instead. This allows you to do a bit of cleaning on your hard drive.
To do this, open the Control Panel by double-clicking the desktop icon or the “Start” menu and clicking “Programs” and then “Programs and Features”. In the left-hand section of the window that appears, click the “Enable or Disable Windows Features” link. After a few moments, a list of programs and functions built into Windows 7 appears. To remove certain items, Such as Windows DVD Creation or Windows Media Player , uncheck the box next to their name. Click “Yes” to confirm each choice and then click “OK” to close the window.
Install a software
Typically, installing software does not pose a particular problem. It is usually enough to insert the CD-ROM or DVD-ROM of the software into the reader of your computer and to follow the indications which appear on the screen. If nothing happens, you have to manually start the installation, as for a software that you would have downloaded on the Internet.
- To do this, double-click the Computer icon on the desktop and click the icon of the drive where the CD-Rom or DVD-Rom of your software is inserted with the right mouse button and choose “Explore”. The list of folders and files on the CD or DVD of your software appears. Locate the Setup.exe file, Install.exe, or alternatively, the name of software.exe (where software name is the name of your software) and double click on it.
- To prevent the problem from occurring again, open Control Panel by double-clicking its desktop icon or the “Start” menu and clicking “Hardware and Sound” and then “Auto-Run”. On the “Software and Games” line, make sure that “Install or Run a program” or “Always ask me” is selected. Click “Save” to validate the change.
By default, the software you install saves its files in the C: / Programs folder on your hard disk. To use a different folder, choose the “Custom installation” option offered by the installation window of your software and specify yourself what the target folder will be.
Many software packages are still configured for older versions of Windows and indicate that they will install their files in the C: / Program Files folder on the hard disk. This is the equivalent of the C: / Programs folder in Windows 7 that was used, for example, by Windows 98 and Windows XP. In most cases, Windows 7 itself corrects the anachronism and installs the software in its C: / Programs folder, without creating a hypothetical C: / Program Files that would be unwelcome. But there’s nothing to stop you from choosing the “Custom installation” option in your software installation window to manually select the correct C: / Programs folder.
Then follow all instructions. It is usually suggested that you select the shortcuts that should be installed on the Start menu , the taskbar, and the desktop. If a window prompts you to restart Windows to complete the installation, click “Yes” or “Restart Now”.
Properly uninstall software
To remove software from your computer, it is not enough to send your desktop shortcut or hard disk folder to the Recycle Bin. You have to go through a special Windows feature to “prevent” it so that it also removes any trace of the software in its system files. Quite simple, the procedure can be carried out by following two different methods:
- Then click the “Start” button and then click “All Programs” and the folder of the software you want to uninstall. There, locate and click on the link labeled “Uninstall” or “Uninstall”. If the “User Account Control” dialog box appears, click “Yes”.
- Open the Control Panel by double-clicking its desktop icon or the “Start” menu and clicking the “Uninstall a program” link in the “Programs” section. Select the software you want to remove from your hard drive and click “Uninstall / Modify” or “Uninstall”.
In both cases, follow the uninstallation instructions that appear on the screen. Restart Windows if prompted.
For each action to be performed or each file to be opened, Windows memorizes which software to use by default. For example, if you want to open a .doc file, the Word software will open. If you click on a link in a received email, the Firefox browser instead of Internet Explorer will open, and so on.
If these choices do not suit you, you can change them completely. Open the Control Panel by double-clicking the icon on the desktop or by going to the “Start” menu and clicking “Programs” then “Programs Defaults” and finally “Configure Default Programs”. In the window that appears, Windows displays a list of the various software installed on your computer. Select a program to display the two choices:
- With “Set this program as the default program”, you will make it the referent program for all it can do. For example, a browser like Internet Explorer, it will come back to him to open the Web files .htm, .html, and .url shortcuts, but also to be used for file transfers according to the FTP (when there Has specialized software more efficient for this).
- With “Choose the default settings for this program,” you can evaluate on a case-by-case basis which items to control. Check the boxes next to the file extensions that should open with this software and then click Save to validate your choices.
Software can not be uninstalled
If you are having trouble uninstalling a software by the traditional method, it is possible to use software like Revo Uninstaller .
The original text of this fact sheet is taken from
” Tout pour bien debuter avec Windows 7 ” (Emmanuel GENTY,
Collection CommentaMarche.net , Dunod, 2009)
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